Time

Time in COLOR

MUSIC in Time

In this page we’ll consider Color and Time.
How do they relate?  Is Time really that important?
What have we done with our Time?

Will time matter or even exist after our mortal lives cease?
And as we’ve related in our Life Colors Page,
where is Time in our Music?

Let’s explore…

(and be sure not to miss the links – the best part)

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The BEGINNING of TIME

Before the existence of the human mind and its ability to conceive this dimension we call time,
time DIDN’T really matter.
We might even say that time didn’t exist.
Yet, even after their creation and before that first major ‘Event’ in human history, to the first man and woman, time didn’t matter then, either.
The first humans were Immortal!

Now this didn’t mean that immortality was guaranteed.
It would only last as long (time) as they chose or allowed it to last.

But then there was – that first major ‘Event.’
Our earliest ancestors made a free-will choice that
resulted in the voiding of their immortality.
It brought death and pain into the world and
‘TIME’ as we know it commenced.

Thereafter, all things and events had their time
based upon – before and after ‘the Fall’.
“Remember how it used to be WHEN…”
“Boy this is tough work!  We didn’t USED TO have to work this hard!”
And there was NO turning back, no re-do’s and no UNDO button.

Yes, life certainly changed.
And ever since that ‘Fall,’ we humans have never quite taken our sights
and our hopes off the possibility that SOMEDAY it could be “Good” again!
“Just like the “Good old days.”  And SOMEDAY it will!

But in the meantime, we’ve tried and tried to rediscover immortality.
And we’ve tried and tried to learn more about
what this thing we call TIME really is.

We’ve even gone as far as trying to apply our (relative) dimension of TIME
to what occurred prior to that ‘Event’ (the Fall) and what will occur
in the future, by asking questions like: 
“When WAS the world created?
When was the UNIVERSE  created?
When will the end of time be?
When (if ever) will I get another raise or promotion?

Or maybe if you’re like me –
Will I EVER find a paying job again???

And sometimes it seems there is just never enough of this
thing we call TIME (I call it the ‘Hurry Disease’).
Or, on the other hand,
sometimes it just . . seems . . . to . . . . draaaaag on by . . .
(So come on, let’s get on with it!).

TIME

What are we to do with Time????

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– – – TIME IN COLOR – – –

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Stained Glass Window Splendor

(Biblical / Historical Time in Color)

A Scriptural Journey Through Time in Stained Glass Splendor:
From Creation through Eternity…

Gateway (link) to Stained Glass Splendor – Click to enter

This is a work in progress, but please drop in to see
what’s here so far . . .

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Liturgical Seasons

(Catholic Calendar, Time in Color)

The Liturgical Calendar is a Christian Scrapbook of Events which
have
occurred over the last 2000 years. 
The Calendar commemorates the lives of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ,
His earliest followers and the lives of those who unwaveringly followed his “Way,” sometimes even to their martyred deaths – the Saints

Though just a snipit of TIME, this event –
the Incarnation, Life, Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus,
ties all time before it
to all time after.  It is the Divine link to IMMORTALITY.

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And it’s back, one of my favorite Liturgical Calendar sites:

And then there’s more . . .

Link to Daily Scripture Readings

Link to Daily Mass Quotes: Whispers to the Wind

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Link to Saint of the Day

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Link to another
Calendar of the Saints

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Link to Webpage on Lent and Easter

Link to Webpage on Christmas

Link to a discussion on Calendar History (towards end of page)

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Climatic Seasons

(Astronomical Cyclical Time and it’s impact on Nature’s Colors)

Summer

Fall

Winter

Spring

 OK, and there’s lots of prettier fall and spring pix than these.
Just wanted to keep the perspective of one of my favorite trees
and the lake through the cycle of the year’s seasons – TIME.

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Space Colors

(Time in enormity, Distance in enormity, Magnificent Color)

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comet-ison-time-lapse-view

Comet Ison Perihelion 11-30-13

Oh, the Beauty of the Universe we live in!
Oh the Size!

OH   –   the   –   T  I  M  E   !!!

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Lifetimes of Living Things

Fruit – Ripening and Rotting

Time has an effect on all living organisms

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Average Lifespans of Various Organisms:

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A Mayfly – Lifespan 1 day

Cicada’s lifespan 17 yrs – Cool video link – Buggy!

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A Broader View Lifespan Chart

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OK, so what exactly is a Peepal?

The Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) or Bo-Tree (from the Sinhala bo)is a species of banyan fig native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, southwest China and Indochina. It is a large dry season-deciduous or semi-evergreen tree up to 30 m tall and with a trunk diameter of up to 3 m.  In Bengali it is called the Peepal!

The Peepal Tree

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But what about People?

People don’t mortally live quite as long as Peepals,
but Time does have its effect on them too.

Anagallis

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You might say that our lifespan to a peepal is like the lifespan of an anagallis flower to us (about a week).

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Here is a link to an excellent scientific reference on aging.

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Oldest Living Plants

Hmmm, not that exciting. But after 11,700 years – maybe it used to be!

Larrea tridentata, known as Creosote bush as a plant and chaparral as a medicinal herb is the oldest living plant on earth.

As the Creosote Bush grows older, its oldest branches eventually die and its crown splits into separate crowns. This normally happens when the plant is 30 to 90 years old. Eventually the old crown dies and the new one becomes a clonal colony from the previous plant, composed of many separate stem crowns all from the same seed.

The “King Clone” creosote ring is the oldest living organisms on Earth. It has been alive 11,700 years, in the central Mojave Desert within the Creosote Rings Preserve of the Lucerne Valley and Johnson Valley. This single clonal colony plant of Larrea tridentata reaches up to 67 feet (20 m) in diameter, with an average diameter of 45 feet (14 m).  Its age was determined by Radiocarbon dating.

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Immortality??!!

Turritopsis nutricula

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Hair Color over Time

There are several causes for natural changes in hair color over time.
Now we’re not talking about artificial hair color changes like dyeing or bleaching here.

Studies have shown that children born with some hair colors may find it gradually darkens as they grow. Many blond, strawberry blond, light brown, or red haired infants experience this.  On the other hand sometimes the hair color of infants may lighten considerably from birth to early youth and then darken again before its aging change.  This happened with some of our children.  Born with very dark brown hair, after a while it all fell out and came back a light sandy brown color.  Then with age it darkened again to that dark brown color.

Changes in hair color typically occur naturally as people age, eventually turning the hair gray and then white. This is called achromotrichia. More than 40 percent of Americans have some gray hair by age 40, but white hair can appear as early as childhood. The age at which graying begins seems almost entirely due to genetics. Sometimes people are born with gray hair because they inherit the trait.

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Two genes appear to be responsible for the process of graying, Bcl2 and Bcl-w.  The change in hair color occurs when melanin ceases to be produced in the hair root and new hairs grow in without pigment. The stem cells at the base of hair follicles produce melanocytes, the cells that produce and store pigment in hair and skin. The death of the melanocyte stem cells causes the onset of graying.

Hair color is also susceptible to change with exposure to bright sunlight over time.  The reason for this is that hair is a filament of protein that’s produced by a hair follicle and extruded out through the skin. Within the hair follicle populations of cells called melanocytes add forms of melanin called phaeomelanin and eumelanin to the hair, giving it its color.  But once the hair leaves the follicle and grows out onto your scalp it is beyond the reach of the melanocytes and therefore the melanin it carries cannot be replaced; sunlight falling on the hair can therefore photolyse (break apart) the melanin molecules, bleaching the hair.  Unfortunately, not only does the sun change the color of your hair, it can also have other damaging effects.

Hair Anatomy

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Lifetimes of Non-Living Things

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Steel Rusting

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Over Time, not only does the color of steel or iron change from a shiny silver to a reddish-brown, but the structure and strength of the metal deteriorates as well.

Rusting is the corrosion of iron which is a component of the alloy, steel.
Steel is an alloy made of iron, other metals and carbon.  The carbon atoms in steel greatly increase the strength of the metal, but it is still susceptible to rusting.

Rusting is an electrochemical process which requires the presence of water, oxygen and an electrolyte.  In the absence of any one of these rusting does not occur to any significant extent.  Rusting results in the formation of reddish brown flakes which loosely adheres to the iron.   These flakes are called Rust.

Rust consists of hydrated iron(III) oxides Fe2O3·nH2O and iron(III) oxide-hydroxide (FeO(OH), Fe(OH)3). Given sufficient time, oxygen, and water, any iron mass will eventually convert entirely to rust and disintegrate. Surface rust provides no protection to the underlying iron unlike the formation of patina on copper surfaces (to be discussed next).

The chemical equations for the rusting of iron (Fe) are the following:

  1. 2Fe(s) + 2H2O(l) + O2(g) ==> 2Fe2+(aq) + 4OH(aq)
  2. Fe2+(aq) + 2OH(aq) ==> Fe(OH)2(s)
  3. Fe(OH)2(s)  =O2=> Fe(OH)3(s)
  4. Fe(OH)3(s) =dehydrates=>  Fe2O3.nH2O(s) or rust

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Copper Oxidizing

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Time also has an affect on the color and structure of the metal, Copper.

Copper has been used as roofing material since ancient times due to its waterproof nature.  The green colour on these buildings is due to a slow chemical reaction with the air where copper is oxidized to copper(II) carbonate, also called verdigris, which is highly corrosion-resistant.  Some architects use this material on rooftops for this interesting color.

Copper in moist air slowly acquires this dull green coating because its top layer has oxidized with the air to form mixtures of Cu(OH)2 and CuCO3:

2 Cu (s) + H2O (g) + CO2 + O2 → Cu(OH)2 + CuCO3 (s)

Initially, bare Cu metal atoms react with air to form the pink oxide, cuprite, Cu2O, which has Cu+1 cations.
This gradually oxidizes further to the black oxide, tenorite, CuO, with Cu+2 ions.
The black sulfide CuS is also sometimes formed.
In the presence of moisture, the blackish layer slowly reacts with sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide from the air to eventually form the patina, which is a mixture of 3 minerals:
Brochantite, a green, hydrated copper sulfate, Cu4SO4(OH)6
Malachite, the green, hydrated copper carbonate Cu2CO3(OH)3
Azurite, the blue, hydrated copper carbonate Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2

In these compounds, copper atoms from the metal surface have been fully oxidized into Cu+2 (cupric) ions. The rate of patina formation and the proportion of the components depend upon humidity and the amount of pollution in the air.

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Time Personalities

Personally, I never liked characterization of personalities, because it’s rare that people have personalities identical to any of the, usually 4 boxes, that psychologists define as types.  Here again we see the typical 4 boxes.  The problem is that some people tend to place themselves or their acquaintances in one of the boxes and then behave out that characteristic or prejudice those acquaintances based on where they think they fit.  People are better than that!  Yes, some traits of a particular box may be stronger in some people than others, but that doesn’t necessarily mean that they can’t behave in a manner typical of any other box when the need arises. 

In the example below, the author specifically biases his/her description of the 4 types by favoring the “achievement” characteristics typical of today’s corporate “mental illness.”  It’s the means that corporate management uses to blackball and eliminate creative thinkers in favor of robototron “achievers.”  It’s the “Visioners” who create newness and the “Relators” who unite the world.  Not that achievement isn’t important, but all four characteristics are equally important for a well balanced world!

I added this segment from the Wikipedia reference below because it is interesting and fits in with our discussion of Time.  Here Time as related to people’s perspective of life…

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Personality Characteristics (from Wikipedia Reference: “Time Perception“)
Some researchers aim to explain the differences between people in the way they relate to the time they have to perform different tasks. They claim that time perception is influenced by both internal-personal characteristics and by external-environmental factors. Some theorists suggest that time perception is categorized by two axes or dimensions:time perspective” and “time urgency” and these ideas have been used in occupational psychology settings.[22] These axes typically create four personalities that differ in their personal characteristics and the way they deal with tasks.

Time perspective can be affected by genetics, culture, religion, arise from education, family, past employment, and so on.  As it is well known, the timeline axis moves between past, present and future, which is also the way the time perspective axis is organised.

People with a present perspective of time have a tendency to believe that the actions in the present do not significantly affect the future. That is, these people do not think that an action taken place in the present will increase the probability of a future outcome.  People with this perspective tend to use the term “why do today what can be done tomorrow?” Individuals with personality characteristics of present time perspective tend to think that it is unnecessary to make future plans. These individuals also tend to take risks and act impulsively.

People with future perspective tend to believe that an action taken place in the present increases the probability of a future outcome. These people are very goal-oriented, with high capacity to infer future results, usually prepare task lists, use a calendar, and tend to wear a watch. When a team is assembled from the majority of future time perspective people, the team tends to be more “flexible” and tends to make more changes in strategic thinking than teams with more present time perception individuals.[23] Such an individual will delay his or her performances to the very last moment, which can at times lead to inability to meet deadlines. When such a person belongs to a work team, he/she makes the team less focused strategically, being late in submitting tasks and acting impulsively.

Time urgency relates to the need for quick response or action, to achieve a particular goal (or non existence of this feeling).  It can be described as an axis ranging from high to low.

The two dimensions described above, produce four types of personalities,
that can be described as follows:

Organizers have high time urgency and future time perspective and are characterized by high awareness of time, scheduling tasks and activities and high achievement striving.
Crammers
have high time urgency and present time perspective and are characterized by high awareness of time, needing to exert control over deadlines, competitiveness, high achievement striving and impatience.
Relators
have low time urgency and present time perspective and are characterized by attending little to deadlines or passage of time, taking risks, acting impulsively, focusing on present tasks and focusing on relations with others.
Visioners
have low time urgency and future time perspective and are characterized by attending little to deadlines or passage of time, taking risks, acting impulsively and focusing on future goals.

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The Amazing Pendulum Wave Effect,
with Associated Sound Effects

Click on picture for video

Blue Light Version link in BLUE page.

What it shows: Fifteen uncoupled simple pendulums of monotonically increasing lengths dance together to produce visual traveling waves, standing waves, beating, and random motion. One might call this kinetic art.  The choreography of the dance of the pendulums is stunning! Aliasing and quantum revival can also be shown.

How it works: The period of one complete cycle of the dance is 60 seconds. The length of the longest pendulum has been adjusted so that it executes 51 oscillations in this 60 second period. The length of each successive shorter pendulum is carefully adjusted so that it executes one additional oscillation in this period. Thus, the 15th pendulum (shortest) undergoes 65 oscillations. When all 15 pendulums are started together, they quickly fall out of sync—their relative phases continuously change because of their different periods of oscillation. However, after 60 seconds they will all have executed an integral number of oscillations and be back in sync again at that instant, ready to repeat the dance.
Ref: Harvard Natural Sciences Lecture Demonstrations

Link to an animated version.
Another Animated MATLAB version

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Lightning Bugs

So far I have found that there are many, many videos on Lightening Bugs or Fireflies on the web.  Some are fairly good.  But I’d like to discuss some of the scientific aspects of their behavior, the timing of the bioluminescence process between different species and the factors which influence that timing.  And also show some of the chemistry involved. 

Here are some preliminary findings:

Here is a cute, well done clip

Click image to video

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More to come . . .

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Future Topics…

Lightning

Changing color of Irises (eyes)

(to be continued)


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– – – MUSIC in TIME – – –

(Here are some “good old” and some new – favorites)

music032Link to “Music in Time” Page

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This page is a work in progress.  Please come back again.
Thank you for visiting!
Your comments welcome . . .

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